Synthesis of Sentences

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Synthesis of Sentences

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Synthesis of Sentences

Synthesis of Sentences

Synthesis of Sentences

Synthesis of sentences refers to joining together two or more sentences into a single whole. Synthesis is the opposite to analysis. Two or more sentences may be combined into a single sentence which may be a simple sentence, compound sentence or complex sentence. The sentences made so impart greater force and lucidity to the narrative. Synthesis of sentences is not an easy task. It needs long and constant practice.

There are some rules of synthesis of sentences which are illustrated as under:

Synthesis of Sentences

Rule No. 1 (Synthesis of Sentences)

Two or more simple sentences can be combined into one simple sentence by transforming the finite verb or verbs as follows:

(a) By using a Noun, as:

i) This village was once rich. It was a colony.

=> This village was once a rich colony.

ii) This is my sister. Her name is Sita.

=> This is my sister named Sita.

(b) By using a Participle, as:

i) Ram went to the coal mine. He worked hard.

=> Going to the coal mine, Ram worked hard.

ii) She was tired. She sat down to rest.

=> Being tired, she sat down to rest.

(c) By using an Infinitive, as: 

i) The old man is very weak. He cannot move.

=> The old man is too weak to move.

ii) He wanted his son to earn money. He sent his son to Arab.

=> He sent his son to Arab to earn money.

(d) By using a Preposition with a Noun or Gerund, as:

i) The sun set. The players stopped playing.

=> On setting the sun, the players stopped playing.

ii) Hari has travelled many lands. He still hopes to travel more.

=> Inspite of travelling many lands, Hari hopes to travel more.

(e) By using an Adverb or Adverbial Phrases, as:

i) He went there. It was morning.

=> He went there in the morning.

ii) Tabassam desired to win. She failed.

=> Tabassam failed undeservedly.

(f) By using a Participle Phrase, as:

i) It was a hot day. We did not play.

=> It being a hot day we did not play.

Synthesis of Sentences

Rule No. 2 (Synthesis of Sentences)

Two or more simple sentences may be combined into a compound sentence by using co-ordinating conjunctions.

1. He could not see. It was dark.

=> He could not see because it was dark.

2. Come in. Go out.

=> Either come in or go out.

3. Ram is slow. He is sure to succeed.

=> Ram is slow but he is sure to succeed.

4. He is simple. He is honest.

=> He is simple and honest.

5. He is poor. He is wise.

=> He is poor but wise. 

6. You may come. You may not come.

=> You may come or not.

Synthesis of Sentences

Rule No. 3 (Synthesis of Sentences)

Two or more simple sentences may be combined into a single complex sentence in the following ways:

(a) By using a Noun clause:

i) He may be wicked. I don’t know it.

=> I don’t know whether he is wicked.

ii) He is honest. It is known to all.

=> That he is honest is known to all.

iii) Ramen is not present. It is certain.

=> It is certain that Ramen is not present.

(b) By using an Adjective clause:

i) Ram and Rahim bought a car. It was red. It was costly.

=> Ram and Rahim bought a red car which was costly.

ii) I meet Shayam. Shayam never came to Assam.

=> I meet Shayam who never came to Assam.

(c) By using an Adverb Clause:

i) You will not succeed. You don’t work hard.

=> Unless you work hard you will not succeed.

ii) Do not drink too much. You will be ill.

=> If you drink too much, you will be ill. 

Synthesis of Sentences

EXERCISE

Synthesis of Sentences

1. Join or combine each of the following pair of sentences into a Single Sentence:

i. By using a Participle:

(a) He won a lottery. He bought a Maruti car.

(b) The old man is blind. He cannot walk.

(c) We went out for a walk. We met with a soldier.

(d) I wrote a letter. I posted it.

(e) He had walked a long distance. He sat down to take rest.

(f) Donald felt tired. He fell on bed.

(g) I heard the tragedy of the boy. I helped him with money.

ii. By using an Infinitive:

(a)  It is very costly. I cannot buy it.

(b) I went to the station. I wanted to see off my friend.

(c) A cat arrived. The mice fled.

(d) I am not afraid. I shall reveal the secret.

(e) We have a large family. We have to maintain it.

(f) I need an assistant. He will help me.

(g)This news is bad. It cannot be true.

(h) Nabanita came to our house. He wanted to see my mother.

(i) The book is big. It will take much time to read.

iii. By using a Preposition with Noun or Gerund:

(a) She did not succeed. She made all possible efforts.

(b) He is not arrogant. He has much wealth.

(c) John is a great poet. He is also a musician.

(d) He failed in the examination. He was indifferent to his studies.

(e) He had a good deal of influence. But he could not rise up to his position. 

(f)We are very glad. We succeeded in the examination.

(g) She worked very hard. She did not sleep.

(h) She has failed many times. He still hopes to succeed.

iv. By using an Adverb or Adverb Phrase:

(a) The boy was saved from drowning. It was fortunate.

(b) He will win the election. It is certain.

(c) I was not present there. It was unfortunate.

(d) We went out for a walk. It was then morning.

(e) He came back. This was unexpected.

(f) The boy fell from the roof. It was accidental.

(g) I met Ramesh in the railway station. It was by chance.

(h) Napoleon was the Emperor of France. He was defeated in the battle of Waterloo.

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Synthesis of Sentences   

N.B.  The article ‘Synthesis of Sentences’ originally belongs to the book ‘School English Grammar Part- I‘ by Menonim Menonimus. Synthesis of Sentences

Books of Composition by M. Menonimus:

  1. Advertisement Writing
  2. Amplification Writing
  3. Note Making
  4. Paragraph Writing
  5. Notice Writing
  6. Passage Comprehension
  7. The Art of Poster Writing
  8. The Art of Letter Writing
  9. Report Writing
  10. Story Writing
  11. Substance Writing
  12. School Essays Part-I
  13. School Essays Part-II
  14. School English Grammar Part-I
  15. School English Grammar Part-II..

Books on Linguistics by M. Menonimus:

  1. A Brief History of the English Language
  2. Essays on Linguistics
  3. My Imageries
  4. Felicitous Expression: Some Examples
  5. Learners’ English Dictionary

Related Search:

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Menonimus
I am Menonim Menonimus, a Philosopher & Writer.

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