Types of Sentence in English


Types of Sentence in English

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Types of Sentence in English

Types of Sentence in English

Types of Sentence in English

When a set of words are combined together under certain grammatical rules to express a complete sense is called a Sentence. In a sentence, there are two parts– subject and predicate. Again according to construction English sentences may be classified mainly into three types as- (i) Simple Sentence (ii) Compound Sentence and (iii) Complex Sentence. Let us discuss these types of sentences in brief as below:

Simple Sentence

A Simple Sentence is a sentence that has only one subject and a predicate. In other words, to say, Simple Sentence consists of only one independent clause and no subordinate clause. For example:

God is good.

Come here. 

The above two sentences are simple sentences because they contain only one subject and a predicate. In the first sentence ‘God’ is the subject and ‘is good’ is a predicate. In the second sentence, ‘You’ (silent) is the subject and ‘come here’ is the predicate.

Again according to the mood, a simple sentence can be classified into two types as: (i) Simple Indicative Sentence and (ii) Simple Imperative Sentence.

A Simple Indicative Sentence is a sentence that expresses a statement of a fact. For example:

Ram is a boy.

On the other hand, a Simple Imperative Sentence is a sentence that expresses an order, request, command, prayer, etc. The subject of a sentence in the Imperative Mood often remains silent. For example:

Do not make a noise. 

In the above sentence the subject ‘You’ remains silent.

Compound sentence

A Compound Sentence consists of two or more clauses of equal rank joined together by some coordinating conjunction. These clauses are independent of each other. For example:

Kamala is my sister and Kanak is my brother. 

The above-mentioned sentence has two clauses of equal rank as: (i) Kamala is my sister and (ii) Kanak is my brother. These two clauses are joined by the coordinating conjunction ‘and’. 

Complex Sentence

A sentence that contains one principal clause and one or more dependent  (subordinate) clauses is called a Complex Sentence. The principal clause stands by itself and makes complete sense. The subordinate clauses cannot stand by themselves but are dependent on the principal clause. They are joined together by subordinating conjunction. For example;

The young boy who came yesterday is my brother.

She came here when it was noon.

Kamala is a girl who is good. 0 0 0

Types of Sentence in English

N. B. This article entitled ‘Types of Sentence in English’ originally belongs to the book ‘Essays on Linguistics‘ by Menonim Menonimus. Types of Sentence in English

Books on Linguistics by M. Menonimus:

  1. A Brief History of the English Language
  2. Essays on Linguistics
  3. My Imageries
  4. Felicitous Expression: Some Examples
  5. Learners’ English Dictionary

Books of Composition by M. Menonimus:

  1. Advertisement Writing
  2. Amplification Writing
  3. Note Making
  4. Paragraph Writing
  5. Notice Writing
  6. Passage Comprehension
  7. The Art of Poster Writing
  8. The Art of Letter Writing
  9. Report Writing
  10. Story Writing
  11. Substance Writing
  12. School Essays Part-I
  13. School Essays Part-II
  14. School English Grammar Part-I
  15. School English Grammar Part-II..

Related Searches:

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  2. 10 Main Features of Human Language
  3. Characteristics of Language
  4. Word Formation Process
  5. Types of Word Formation Process
  6. Sociolinguistics and Its Scope
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  8. Bilingualism Overview
  9. Aspects of Bilingualism
  10. Morphology
  11. What is Morphology
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  14. Types of Sentence in English With Examples
  15. The 4 English Sentence Types


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I am Menonim Menonimus, a Philosopher & Writer.


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