Indian Political Parties-How Far Secure?


Indian Political Parties-How Far Secure?

Indian Political Parties-How Far Secure

Indian Political Parties-How Far Secure?

Government (administrative machinery) is an urgent need for a nation or country without which all-round development along with peace, security, and order is impossible. There are many forms of government such as— monarchy, autocracy, bureaucracy, plutocracy, monocracy, theocracy, democracy etc. Among all these forms of government ‘Democracy’ is said to be the best of all. The universal definition of democracy is given by Abraham Lincoln as— “Democracy is a government of the people, for the people and by the people.” In a democracy, the people get more freedom than that all of the other forms of government. In this form of government, every citizen of a country can take part either directly or indirectly in the affairs of governing themselves. The fundamental rights are enjoyed by the people of a democracy which differentiates it primarily from other forms of government. Political parties play an important role in a democratic country without the role of which modem democracy is unimaginable. The fundamental objectives of a political party in a democracy are to play the roles by which the democratic ideals of a country may come into being. Hence the political parties of democracy must conform to democratic ideals. In brief, to say, the political parties in a democracy must be democratic. India is one of the vast democratic countries in the world. In India, there are about two hundred political parties through which the creed of democracy is said to be observed. As the political parties of a country should be based on democratic ideals so, now let us see—how far the Indian political parties are democratic.

India is said to be most political than other democratic countries of the world as there are some hundred political parties in existence. All the political parties of India can be divided into two classes— the National Political Parties and the Regional Political Parties. The National Parties have their existence throughout India and the Regional Political Parties have their existence in respective states or regions only.

Now, let us begin with the most influential national political party viz. the National Congress of India. This party originated in India in 1885, by an English man named Allan Octavian Hume. Since its birth, it had been struggling to free India from the bondage of British rule. And resultantly on the 15th of August, 1947 India got freedom from the bondage of the British and Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru became the first Prime Minister of India. Till the death of Jawaharlal Nehru (1962) the National Congress of India had been the only vigorous and standing political party in the country. But when Mrs. Indira Gandhi, the only daughter of Jawaharlal Nehru, came to power, then the National Congress of India met a disaster and Mrs. Gandhi coming out of the National Congress Party formed a new party called Congress (I). Since then the party Congress (I) has been failing in keeping up the democratic ideals. The party becomes family-centered. After the assignation of Mrs. Indira Gandhi in 1984, Rajiv Gandhi the elder son of Mrs. Gandhi became the prime minister of India. Like Indira Gandhi her son, Rajiv Gandhi remained to be the all in all of the party till his assassination. After his death, his wife Mrs. Sonia Gandhi refused to come to politics and as a result, the party Congress (I) faced disaster. Some higher officials of the Congress (I) liked it as they wished the party to be free from the yoke of the Nehru family. Though from 1991 to 1996, during the Nara Singha Rao Ministry, the party was out of the influence of the Nehru family. But after him, the party again goes buck under the influence of the same family. At present, it is seen that Dr. Man Mohan Singh is the de-jure Prime Minister of India. In every affair and decision of the administration, Mrs. Sonia Gandhi’s influence is so much that Mrs. Sonia seems to be the de-facto Prime Minister of India. Thus it is seen that the most influential national party, Congress (I) fails to keep up the democratic ideals in Indian politics.

Another example of a family-centered political party in India is ‘Rashtriya Janata Dal’. Though it is national in name, yet it is a regional political party of Bihar. It may be called the political party of Lalu Prasad Yadav. He seems to be the inborn president of the party. The influence of his family is immense upon the party. Thus the ‘Socialist Janata Party’ of Malayalam Singh Yadav is also family-centric. There is no probability of coming out of the party from the fist of Mr. Yadav. In addition to these, the political parties of Bal Thackeray named Shiva Shena, the D.M.K. of Karunanidhi, A.I.A.D.M.K. of Joy Lolita, the Bahujan Samajbadi Party of Mayawati, the Telegu Desham of Chandrababu Naidu are either family-centered or person-centered political parties of India. The ideals of democracy are alien to the mechanism and activities of these parties.

On the other hand, there are some parties both national and regional which are truly based on democratic ideals. The B.J.P. is such a national political party to which the credit of being truly democratic in character goes first. Though the internal power of the party seems to be imposed on Atal Bihari Vajpayee and Lal Krishna Advani, yet no other members of their families seem to grasp the handle of the party, but it is a matter of regret that this party seems to patronize communalism.

Among the other national parties of India, the Janata Dal (U) is seen to be free from being family-centered. Though the leaders like George Fernandez, Sharad Power, and Nitish Kumar are at cold wars among themselves yet it can never be to said to be family-centered or person-centered.

The political parties which belong to only some special regions are generally based on democratic ideals. In Assam, the A.G.P. (Assam Gana Parishad) is democratic in character. The present president of the party has been elected in a democratic way.

From the above mention discussion, it has come to our clarification that though India is regarded as one of the vast and reputed democratic countries of the world, yet most of the political parties of India are not based on democratic ideals. Worshiping a particular family or particular person is apparent in the most influential political parties in India.

In the present-day world, the ideals of Secularism are also said to be the ideals of democracy. In other words, to say, it is generally said that the ideals of Secularism can get full protection in a democracy. But in India though it is said to be one of the great specimens of secular countries of the world, yet in reality, the ideals of secularism are far away from being existed. Now let us see into the political parties of India and then find out how far they are secular or how far they are not secular.

Among the national political parties of India, the B.J.P. is far away from being secular in character. It advocates communalism especially the ‘Hindutva’ spirit throughout India. To grasp the administrative power of India it uses religion as an instrument. The salient example of this is the Babari Masjid issue which was broken by the fanatic Hindus instigated openly by the B.J.P. leaders. Thus using religion as an instrument it acquired the support of the Hindu majorities and in the following election, the B.J.P. formed the government in the centre.

The Akali Dal of Punjab is also completely based on religion. The Punjabis think that their religion would be protected if they can take up the controlling power of the province under the influence of their party. We know that once they claimed a separate Free State (sovereignty) for their own. To meet their demand, they took shelter in terrorism, but they could not be succeeded.

In Assam, the A.J.P. is also a regional political party based on communalism. It seems that the party is against the minority Muslims of the state. Thus seeing the communal activities of most of the Indian political parties some Muslim parties as- U.D.F, U.M.F. of Assam, Indian Muslim League, Jamat-e-Islamy etc. have been given birth to as a reaction against the religion-biased politics of most Indian political parties.

In conclusion, it may be said that the democratic ideals in India have been spoiled considerably by the Indian political parties and it is not only a shame upon the fair name of India; but a menace against the existence of India as a democracy. 0 0 0.

Indian Political Parties-How Far Secure

You May Like: Positive Thought, Patience and Perseverance

Indian Political Parties-How Far Secure?

N. B. The article ‘Drought in Assam in 2005’ originally belongs to the book ‘Articles on Contemporary Affairsby Menonim Menonimus.

Indian Political Parties-How Far Secure?

Books of Composition by M. Menonimus:

  1. Advertisement Writing
  2. Amplification Writing
  3. Note Making
  4. Paragraph Writing
  5. Notice Writing
  6. Passage Comprehension
  7. The Art of Poster Writing
  8. The Art of Letter Writing
  9. Report Writing
  10. Story Writing
  11. Substance Writing
  12. School Essays Part-I
  13. School Essays Part-II
  14. School English Grammar Part-I
  15. School English Grammar Part-II..

Books on Literary Criticism by M. Menonimus:

  1. World Short Story Criticism
  2. World Poetry Criticism
  3. World Drama Criticism
  4. World Novel Criticism
  5. World Essay Criticism
  6. Indian English Poetry Criticism
  7. Indian English Poets and Poetry Chief Features
  8. Emily Dickinson’s Poetry-A Thematic Study
  9. Walt Whitman’s Poetry-A Thematic Study
  10. Critical Essays on English Poetry
  11. Tawfiq al-Hakim’s Novel: Return of the Spirit-An Analytical Study
  12. Tawfiq al-Hakim’s Novel: ‘Yawmiyyat Naib Fil Arayaf’-An Analytical Study
  13. Analytical Studies of Some Arabic Short Stories
  14. A Brief History of Arabic Literature: Pre-Islamic Period (500 AD-622 AD)
  15. A Brief History of Arabic Literature: Early Islamic Period (622 AD-661 AD) …

Related Search:

  1. Political Parties
  2. Evolution of Political Parties in India


Previous articleIndian Sovereignty-How Far Secure?
Next articleThe 6th Schedule of the Indian Constitution and the Tribal Problem in North-east India
I am Menonim Menonimus, a Philosopher & Writer.


Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here