Introduction: Railway means a road with iron rails. The train runs on the rails. The engine works with steam. James Watt was the first to invent a steam engine. George Stephenson is credited with using it for driving on the rail. In India, the railways were first constructed during the Viceroyship of Lord Dalhousie.
Description: The head of the train has an engine. Behind it, there are some vehicles called compartments. The train runs on a pair of iron rails. The rails are parallel to each other and they sleep on some thick wooden planks called ‘sleepers’. The engine derives its power from the steam that comes from the water in the boiler. There are three sections of railway lines. The widest is called the ‘Broad Gauge’, the second is the ‘Metre Gauge and the third is called the ‘Narrow Gauge’.
Usefulness: Railways have been rendering a lot of services to us. It has helped in the development of human civilization on earth. This has shortened time and distance. Railways have made travelling easier, cheaper and more comfortable. We can move quickly from one place to another. It has helped in the development of trade and commerce also. More cargo can be transported from one place to another via railway. Export and import have become easier and cheaper. Railways are used a lot during famines and wars. They move provisions and troops quickly to the affected areas. Through the railways, students go to various places for higher education. Thus travelling by train has broadened our knowledge and experience.
Disadvantages: Railways have some disadvantages. Many times serious accidents occur and cause many deaths. Goods, vegetables, fruits, milk etc. are sent from the villages to the town by rail routes. So the villagers cannot get those things at cheap prices. Railways block the natural drainage of a country and sometimes they cause great floods.
Conclusion: Despite its few drawbacks, the railways have changed the features of modern industrial, commercial, and transport systems beyond imagination. 0 0 0
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N. B. The article ‘Railway-An Essay’ originally belongs to the book ‘School Essays Part-I‘ by Menonim Menonimus.
Books of Composition by M. Menonimus:
- Advertisement Writing
- Amplification Writing
- Note Making
- Paragraph Writing
- Notice Writing
- Passage Comprehension
- The Art of Poster Writing
- The Art of Letter Writing
- Report Writing
- Story Writing
- Substance Writing
- School Essays Part-I
- School Essays Part-II
- School English Grammar Part-I
- School English Grammar Part-II..