Hazrat Muhammad | Essay


Hazrat Muhammad | Essay

Hazrat Muhammad | Essay

Hazrat Muhammad Essay


Life of a Great Man

Introduction: Hazrat Muhammad was a social reformer, law-maker, administrator, paragon of ideal personality and above all the founder of  Islam, a monotheist religion. He was born about 570 A. D.  in Makka, Saudi Arabia. His father’s name was Abdullah and his mother’s name was Amina.

Early Days: He lost his father six months before his birth. His mother, Amina, died when he was six years old. Then his grandfather, Abdul-Muttalib, took care of him but unfortunately, he too died two years later when Muhammad was only eight years old. After his grandfather’s death, his uncle Abu Talib took care of him and was a support to him for many years of his adult life. Muhammad did not have any formal education. He traveled to neighboring countries with his uncle for business purposes and learned some knowledge about people and places. When he was twenty-five he married Khadijah, a wealthy widow who was fifteen years older to Muhammad.

As a Prophet: In 610 A. D. when Muhammad was forty years old, he went to the mountain of Hira near Makka where the angel Gabriel appeared before him and taught the oracles ( divine messages) which become the basis of Islam as a monotheist religion. Along with it, Muhammad was commanded to preach divine teachings to the pagan people of Arabia.

The preaching of Islam: When Muhammad first started teaching the divine messages to the people, many of the people of Makka, who were idol worshipers, began to hate and oppose him. But there were also people who listened to his preaching and obeyed his messages. These people were the first followers of Islam. Leaders of Makka tortured the followers of Islam. Some followers of Islam were executed. Muhammad resisted this and continued to preach Islam.

Migration: Being harassed and tortured vehemently by the idol worshipers of Makka, Muhammad migrated to Medina. The people living in Medina received him with warm enthusiasm. Muhammad wanted them to convert to Islam. They agreed and converted to Islam willingly. Later on, many of his followers migrated to Medina to live in contact with Muhammad. This movement from Makka to Medina is called the Hijrah (migration). The Hijrah was also the beginning of the Islamic calendar.  In Medina, the prophet built the first masjid, a worshipping house.

Conquest of Makka: The people of the Jewish tribe both in Medina and Makka disagreed with the teachings and rules set by Muhammad. Therefore several fights took place between the Muslims and the idol worshipers.  The number of Muslims was Hazrat Mohammad, M fewer than the pagans, yet in most battles the Muslims were victorious. At last, after a series of battles over twenty years, Hazarat Muhammad with his followers conquered Makka and established the supremacy and influence of Islam all over the Arabian Peninsula.

The Pillars of Islam: Islam is a monotheist religion.  ‘There is no God but Allah and Muhammad is a  messenger of Allah’ — is the motto of Islam. Kalema, salat, fast during the Ramadan month, jakat and pilgrimage to Makka — are the five pillars of Islam. All the divine messages he received from Allah are compiled in the book called Koran, the much-read book in the world.

Social Reforms: Hazrat Muhammad was not only the founder of Islam but also a great social reformer of all times. He reformed many social evils like girl-child killing, communal discrimination,  slavery etc. He also established some madrassas for the dissemination of education.

Death: In 632 AD, on June 8, Muhammad became very sick and died peacefully. He was buried in the chamber of his wife Aisha in Medina. 0 0 0 Hazrat Muhammad

N. B. This article ‘Hazrat Muhammad | Hazarat Muhammad Essay’ originally belongs to the bookSchool Essays Part-Iby Menonim Menonimus.

Hazrat Muhammad

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