Communal Conflicts in India-A Thought


Communal Conflicts in India-A Thought

Communal Conflicts in India-A Thought

Communal Conflicts in India-A Thought

Communal Conflicts in India-A Thought

The conflict between two or more different communities, castes, religious sects, lineages, or dynasties is termed as Communal Conflict. Communal Conflict is the burning question of the present-day world. There is hardly a country in the globe that has not faced the problem of communal conflicts. It leads a country to a state of violence and violence leads to terrorism and terrorism leads to suffering, death, insecurity and disorder. And all stand as a blockade in the path of every sort of progress and development. In brief, to say, Communal Conflict is the root of terrorism, separatism, regionalism and so on. There is no doubt that some narrow-minded orthodox and fanatic people are responsible for the rise of communalism. In India, the Communal Conflicts, especially between Hindus and Muslims, began during British rule. The birth of Pakistan, apart from India, was due to the triumph of communalism. In 1947, it got freedom and the leaders promised, at the time of getting freedom, that India would show liberalism to all religions. In short, to say, followers of Mahatma Gandhi declared it to be a secular country. But the word ‘Secular’ was not included in the constitution till 1976. This act shows that the Indian leaders as well as the makers of the constitution of India supported the ideals of secularism in India. Though India takes pride in being a vast secular country in the world, it is hollow in reality. Since the days or independence, India has been suffering a lot from the disease of Communal Conflicts and now, as it appears, this disease becomes an incurable sore which already has reached the head from the foot. If we see at communal conflicts, it will come out that it is the government itself that is so far responsible for almost all the conflicts faced by the nation so far as the government is in the background of each Communal Conflict. Now let us take some instances—

The Babari Masjid issue that occurred in 1992 is one of the most hated examples of Communal Conflict in India. It was destroyed by the Hindu fundamentalists and leader like Lal Krishna Advani was its vehement supporter. Though the then-Indian government sent armed forces to protect it, yet they could do nothing. The failure of its protection takes us to the holes of mystery. It is a shame upon the face of the nation. It shows that the Indian leaders and even the government were in favour of destroying it. As a result, the Communal unrest especially between the Hindus and Muslims spread to the nook and corner of India and even outside India. Thus the chink between the Hindus and Muslims broadened. Everybody knows that L.K. Advani came to the limelight as a leading culprit of that event. In the subsequent election to that event, the same leader occupied the seat of Indian Home Ministry. Had the Indian government, not been in the background of the destruction of the famous Babari Masjid, L.K. Advani would not come to Indian politics.

During the war with Pakistan in 1965, the Indian government arrested many Muslims and without any accusation against them sent them to jail. Thus many Muslims especially Garia-Maria in Assam who had contributed much to the Freedom Movement of India were harassed by the then government.

The Gudhara Conflict of 2002 is not unknown to the Indians. In this conflict, the workers and followers of B.J.P., B.H.P. and Bajrang Dal made a preplanned massacre of the Muslims. Thus in the background Bharodora Conflict, the government had a hand.

In the city, of Bhadodora there was a historical Majar Sharif of Hazarat Rashid Uddin. The Municipality of the city, for the cause of broadening the road, smashed the Majar Sharif with Bulldogger without considering its heritage. As a reaction to this event, the local Muslims came out for a procession. After the behest of the Gujarat Government, the police set firing and killed six Muslims and many were caused to be wounded. If the government had patronized the ideals of secularism then this sad occurrence could have not happened. On the other hand, had the government come under discussion with the consisting authority of Majar Sharif, this conflict could not have happened. Here it is noted that the act of destroying the Majar Sharif took place in presence of Mayor Suhil Sulanki, B.J.P. leader Nalini Bhat and the police. In short, the government of Gujarat was directly responsible for that tragic event.

Another condemnable event of the government of Narendra Modi, the then C.M. of Gujarat, was the destruction of the Major Sharif of K. Okhahi. More, during the tenure of the Modi Government, more than 270 religious rites and cultural arrangements of the Muslims were checked. In addition to these, about 500 Muslims were killed under the leadership of Police Commissioner P.C. Pandey. Thus in the background of every Communal Conflict, there was the Modi Government of the said state.

Communal Conflicts is ever present in the North-east states of India. It is apparent between the Muslims and the Assamese Hindus. Since the days of independence North-east India, especially Assam has been suffering from the suffocation of communalism. For instances, we may allude to the Hindu-Muslim riots of 1950 in which many Muslims happened to become the victims of communalism. The government seemed to take the role of a spectator. During the 1980s and 90s, this conflict reached its climax and thousand and thousand of Hindus and Muslims became its victims. The massacre of Neli is still visible in the eyes of the Assamese. Another instance of Communal Conflict in Assam especially in North-Assam (present Bodoland) is the conflict between the Bodos and the Muslims. In that Conflict, some thousand Muslims were killed intentionally. In the background of that Bodo-Muslim Conflict, there was the then Assam Government. Even some Cabinet Ministers incited the Bodos against the Muslims. For example, Mr. Samsul Hoque, who was a cabinet minister of the Hiteshwar Saikia Government, set fire to some Bodo villages to north of Barpeta Road Town. That was the beginning. As a reaction, the Bodos also made a bon-fire, especially in the northern villages of the districts of Barpeta. Thereupon thousand and thousand of Muslims became refugees. The Assam Government did not take any immediate action to cease the fire of communalism. Instead, the Hiteshwar Saikia government sent peace force after a week of that tragic event when the massacre was over. The silent negligence of the state government is a burning testimony of patronizing that conflict with the government.

Among the Indian states, West Bengal is an exception. We see that in recent time, there are but fewer communal conflicts in the state if compared to that of North-east India. The West Bengal Government seems to be liberal to all the castes and sects of both Hindus and Muslims. The governments of W.B. seem to remain far away from doing such acts which may raise communal conflicts. For example, once in making a road from plane to Shyma Market many homes, houses and even a theatre hall had been broken. But the government was not in favour of breaking a Shiva Mandir which fell in the middle of the road. It was because the government did not like to hurt the religious feeling of that region. In recent times, we may take the instance of a Masjid near Calcutta Air-Port. For the act of modernization of the airport, the Masjid is to be replaced. But in fear of the religious conflict, the government seems not to be in favour of breaking the Masjid. On the other hand, C.M. Buddahdev Bhattacharjee tried to come to a conclusion by means of a friendly understanding with the Masjid authority. This act of Buddahdev Bhattacharjee is worth praising.

Thus we have seen that the governments of the concerned Indian states are responsible for the rise of communal conflicts in India. In keeping up the unity of the land the government must not show bias toward any religion. It must follow the ideals of democracy and secularism which had been promised in the constitution. The central government along with the state governments should learn lessons from the ideals of W. Bengal. Otherwise, India would remain no more a pride of unity in diversity but soon it would turn into a living battlefield. The aftermath of this is utter decay. 0 0 0.

Communal Conflicts in India-A Thought

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Communal Conflicts in India

N. B. The article ‘Communal Conflicts in India-A Thought’ originally belongs to the book ‘Articles on Contemporary Affairsby Menonim Menonimus.

Communal Conflicts in India

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