Kaziranga National Park-Essay
Kaziranga National Park
Kaziranga National Park-Essay
Kaziranga National Park, a site for world heritage is situated in the districts of Golaghat and Nagaon, Assam. Its land area is 430 square kilometres. The nearest city to Kaziranga is Jorhat, Tezpur. It is declared as a national park by the Indian Government in 1905. It is especially famous for its one-horned rhinoceros. The park hosts two-thirds of the world’s one-horned rhinoceros. The term ‘Kaziranga’ is derived from the Karbi word ‘kajir-a-rang’ which means ‘the village of the Kajir’.
According to a popular traditional belief, once the locality of Kaziranga was ruled by a Karbi woman named Kajir and after her name, the area ruled by her was called Kaziranga.
Through the bed of Kaziranga two rivers- Difu and Vengra and many streams have been flowing from east to west. Its soil is fertile done to the mud of the mighty Brahmaputra. Kaziranga is the habitat of many precious wild animals, birds and trees. Of the total area, 28 percent is covered by a variety of trees, 66 percent is grassland and 6 percent is covered by marshy area.
Among its trees, there are shal, Shishu, cotton, jamu, ajar, kabai, sunaru, teak and many others. Among its animals, there are rhinoceros, buffalo, elephant, deer, monkey, porcupine, cats, jackal, leopard etc. The park is full of many kinds of birds among which mention may be made of cock, ducks, vulture, goose, wren, crow, pigeon, bulbul, parrot, kite, heron kingfisher and so on.
Kaziranga now has been facing a menace of poachers. Every year many rhinoceros have been poached by the poacher because of its horn, and many elephants are killed for their teeth. Another menace the park has been facing is the cutting of its trees and deforestation caused by the explosion of population. Every year many acres of land in the park have been deforested and occupied by homeless people ignoring the law. In addition to these, the great flood has been doing great erosion to the park every year besides taking away the lives of many birds and animals.
The Kaziranga National Park is maintained by the Government by Assam. But from time to time, the Indian Government also renders financial assistance and suggestions for its conservation and development. For its maintenance, there is a special forest force with modern facilities.
Kaziranga is now a world heritage and many tourists from other states and even from foreign countries come to Assam to enjoy the wild animals, especially the world-famous one-horned rhinoceros and its natural beauty. To visit the entire Kaziranga there are some departmental elephants, cars, boats etc. In Kohera there is an inn for tourists. Every year the Assam Government has been earning a lot of royalties from the Kaziranga National Park.
Kaziranga is not a forest or park only but also a resource of bio-diversity. The people of Assam as well as India are proud of it. We should protect this world heritage from the hand of poachers, smugglers, and illegal intruders and to bring about this into reality the local people must cooperate with the government. 0 0 0
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N. B. This article ‘Kaziranga National Park-Essay’ originally belongs to the book ‘School Essays Part-I‘ by Menonim Menonimus.
Books of Composition by M. Menonimus:
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- Note Making
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- School Essays Part-I
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