Emily Bronte | Brief Biography
Emily Bronte | Brief Biography
By writing a single book in life, only a few writers of the world could have earned both fame and recognition and of those few, Miss Emily Bronte was one. She was an English novelist of the first half of the nineteenth century. She wrote only one novel in her life by which she earned both fame and recognition as a great female novelist. She met a premature death at the age of thirty, while she was on the way to maturity.
This great novelist of a single novel, Miss Emily Bronte, was born in 1818 at Bradford. Her father’s name was Patrick Bronte. Her mother’s name was Maria Branwell. Both her parents were evangelical-minded, touched by the teaching of the Methodist Movement in England. Her father was a man of strict discipline and principles. He was impatient, morose and selfish in nature. Her mother Maria Branwell was a gentle, loving and delicate lady who always looked at the bright side of life. In occupation, her father was a priest of the parish of Thornton. He had, by Maria Branwell, six children, the name of whom were Maria, Elizabeth, Charlotte, Patrick, Emily and Anne. Emily was the fifth child of her parents. Patrick was the only male child of the family.
While Emily Bronte was only two years old, her mother gave birth to her sixth and last child and died suddenly. Then all the children became orphans. At that time, when their mother died, all the children were attacked by scarlet fever. The family fell into the climax of pathos. Then a sister of the late Mrs. Maria Bronte arrived at their home and took charge of the Bronte household. She took care of the motherless children with a sympathetic heart and gave the children motherly love and affection. At that time Mr. Patrick Bronte proposed to a woman by the name of Miss Burder. She was a former sweetheart of Mr. Patrick Bronte, but she rejected his proposal of marriage. While Miss Burder became unwilling to enter into the marriage bond with Mr. Bronte, then he decided to remain a widower for the rest of his life. In the meantime, a woman, by the name of Tabby came to the Bronte family and serve the family for more than twenty years.
At the age of six, Emily Bronte was sent to the School of Cowan Bridge, where she studied only for some months. Already her two elder sisters Maria and Elizabeth contracted an illness and both died at the age of eleven and ten respectively. After the death of her two elder sisters-Emily and Elizabeth- she left school forever. But she got rudimentary instructions from both her aunt and father.
Her father had a small library at their home. Emily Bronte spent some of her time every day reading books. Besides this, she gained knowledge and experience in life by observing her surroundings. For some months a drawing master and a music master frequented their home from whom Emily and her other sisters learned something which impressed their minds somehow.
All the children of Mr. Bronte were smart in understanding things, but all were of shy nature. Emily seemed even more; she took delight in playing under an open sky beside the moors.
Charlotte, Emily’s elder sister was admitted to a school at Roe Head, for the second time where she studied for five years and returned home as a teacher. As the family was not sufficiently prosperous, so Charlotte decided to run a school and she, along with Emily, went to Brussels to have training as a teacher. There they, especially Charlotte, became proficient in French and English and thus having finished their training they returned home and opened a school, but the school was in vain as no pupil came forward to join it.
The three sisters: Charlotte, Emily and Anne had an interest in literature and in writing though none could know their interest. Emily already, while she was hardly twenty, had written some poetry and had hidden them from the eyes of others. One day, by chance, Charlotte discovered some loose manuscripts of some verses written by Emily. Then the three sisters decided to exhibit their genius in poetry and so Charlotte and Anne also wrote some poems. At last, they agreed to arrange a small collection of poems from each of them and had that published. After their wishes, a volume of poems appeared in 1845 under the little ‘Poems’. The Bronte sisters published the book under the pseudonyms as Currer Bell, Ellis Bell and Acton Bell. This volume of poems was a little success. The poems were sweet in tone and pathetic in taste. But it is a matter of sorrow that their productions of verse were so meagre and of small worth that they could hardly fall any impression in the history of English poetry.
After publishing the Poems, the three sisters decided to write novels. And after their decision, the following year, Charlotte wrote out a novel entitled ‘The Professor’ Anne wrote ‘Agnes Grey’ and Emily wrote a novel by the title ‘Wuthering Heights’ which was Emily’s only novel. They wrote out the novels, but they found no publisher to publish them. After looking for a publisher with anxiety, they found, at last, a publisher, ‘Smith and Elder’ who managed to publish the novels after an agreement of bearing fifty percent of expenses by the authoress. The sisters agreed to contribute the half expenses and then, at last, the novels appeared in printing form. The novels of Charlotte and Anne were of little success. Emily’s Wuthering Heights became successful but faced much adverse criticism.
Wuthering Heights by Emily Bronte is a novel of love and revenge. It has both improbability and probability in the story. Emily for the first time, in the novel, introduced the ‘outside narrator’ as a method of expression. Later on, being inspired by this method, Joseph Conrad, another great novelist, grasped this method and wrote novels with success. The story of the novel is based on realism but coloured by supernaturalism, the characterization is strong and in perfect view, the structure is complicated, and the dialogues are sparing and something emotional.
After this, Emily Bronte began to write another novel, but suddenly, she was attacked by consumption which had already killed her two elder sisters at their tenth. Emily knew that she would meet death soon, so she was unwilling to take medicine. After some months of her illness, she died silently in 1848 at the age of thirty. A rose had dropped down while it was about to spread its petal with fragrance.
Miss Emily’s mortal body is swept away by dust, but her only novel, ‘Wuthering Heights’ has been liked and loved ad studied by lines of readers throughout the years. 0 0 0
N.B. The article ‘Emily Bronte Emily Bronte Brief Biography’ originally belongs to the book ‘The World Writers-Brief Biographies‘ by Menonim Menonimus.
Books of Composition by M. Menonimus:
- Advertisement Writing
- Amplification Writing
- Note Making
- Paragraph Writing
- Notice Writing
- Passage Comprehension
- The Art of Poster Writing
- The Art of Letter Writing
- Report Writing
- Story Writing
- Substance Writing
- School Essays Part-I
- School Essays Part-II
- School English Grammar Part-I
- School English Grammar Part-II..
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