Michael Madhusudan Dutt | Brief Biography


Michael Madhusudan Dutt | Brief Biography

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Michael Madhusudan Dutt  Brief Biography

Michael Madhusudan Dutt | Brief Biography

Michael Madhusudan Dutt (1824-1873) was a Bengali poet, playwright and translator, who was one of the pioneers of the Bengali drama movement. He was born in Sagardari, a small village in Jessore district of present-day Bangladesh.

Dutt was educated in Calcutta, where he developed a love for the English language and literature. He went on to study at Hindu College, where he learned Sanskrit and became interested in Hindu mythology. After completing his education, he went to England to study law but eventually dropped out and devoted himself to writing poetry.

Dutt’s most famous work is the epic poem “Meghnad Badh Kavya,” which is a retelling of the Hindu myth of the demon king Ravana and his son Meghnad. The poem was groundbreaking for its time, as it was one of the first works in Bengali to use blank verse, a form of poetry that was new to the language. In addition to “Meghnad Badh Kavya,” Dutt also wrote several other poems, including “Vande Mataram,” “Rajmohan’s Wife,” and “The Captive Ladie.”

Aside from his poetry, Dutt was also a playwright and wrote several plays, including “Bahadur Shah,” “Padmavati,” and “Shakuntala.” He is credited with introducing the sonnet form to Bengali literature, and his plays are considered important milestones in the development of Bengali drama.

In addition to his literary work, Dutt was also politically active and was a member of the Young Bengal movement, a group of intellectuals and reformers who sought to modernize Bengal and India.

Michael Madhusudan Dutt died on June 29, 1873, in Darjeeling, India. Today, he is remembered as one of the most important figures in Bengali literature and is celebrated as a pioneer of the Bengali language and literature. 0 0 0.


“Michael Madhusudan Dutt” by Sudhindra Bhattacharya, National Book Trust, India
“Michael Madhusudan Dutt: The Pioneer of Bengali Drama” by Bhabatosh Chatterjee, Sahitya Akademi
“Michael Madhusudan Dutt: A Critical Study” by Sankarlal Bhattacharya, K.P. Bagchi & Co.
“Michael Madhusudan Dutt: A Centenary Tribute” edited by Buddhadeva Bose, Sahitya Akademi. ***

N.B. This article originally belongs to the book entitled ‘Brief Biographies of Prominent Bengali Writers‘ by Menonim Menonimus.

Books of Biography by M. Menonimus:

  1. The World Writers-Brief Biographies
  2. Introduction to World Writers
  3. Introduction to World Personalities
  4. Love of Reputed Persons
  5. Brief Biographies of Prominent Bengali Writers
  6. Brief Biographies of Eminent Monarchs
  7. Brief Biographies of Ancient Thinkers and Writers ..

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  1. World Short Story Criticism
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  3. World Drama Criticism
  4. World Novel Criticism
  5. World Essay Criticism
  6. Indian English Poetry Criticism
  7. Indian English Poets and Poetry Chief Features
  8. Emily Dickinson’s Poetry-A Thematic Study
  9. Walt Whitman’s Poetry-A Thematic Study
  10. Critical Essays on English Poetry
  11. Tawfiq al-Hakim’s Novel: Return of the Spirit-An Analytical Study
  12. Tawfiq al-Hakim’s Novel: ‘Yawmiyyat Naib Fil Arayaf’-An Analytical Study
  13. Analytical Studies of Some Arabic Short Stories
  14. A Brief History of Arabic Literature: Pre-Islamic Period (500 AD-622 AD)
  15. A Brief History of Arabic Literature: Early Islamic Period (622 AD-661 AD)
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  17. Reviews of Charles Dickens’ Works
  18. Reviews of John Milton’s Literary Works
  19. Reviews of Some Iconic Travelogues

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