Sarat Chandra Chattopadhyay | Brief Biography


Sarat Chandra Chattopadhyay | Brief Biography

Sarat Chandra Chattopadhyay  Brief Biography

Sarat Chandra Chattopadhyay | Brief Biography

Sarat Chandra Chattopadhyay (15 September 1876 – 16 January 1938) was a Bengali novelist and playwright of early 20th-century Bengal. He was one of the leading voices in Bengali literature and is regarded as one of the greatest Bengali novelists of all time.

Early Life:
Sarat Chandra was born on 15 September 1876 in Debanandapur, a village in Hooghly district, West Bengal, India. He was the second son of Motilal Chattopadhyay and Bhagwati Devi. Sarat Chandra grew up in poverty and had to face many challenges in his childhood. Despite this, he was a bright student and was able to obtain a scholarship to study at the Metropolitan Institution in Kolkata.

Sarat Chandra started his career as a novelist with the publication of “Devdas” in 1917, which was an instant success. The novel was based on the life of a young man named Devdas who falls in love with Paro, his childhood friend, but is unable to marry her due to social constraints. The novel is a poignant portrayal of love, loss, and tragedy and is widely regarded as a classic of Bengali literature.

After the success of “Devdas”, Sarat Chandra went on to publish several other novels and short stories, including “Nashtanir”, “Srikanta”, “Palli Samaj”, “Grihaprabesh”, and “Biraj Bou”. These works explored themes of love, heartbreak, social injustice, and the complexities of human relationships. Sarat Chandra’s writing was characterized by its simplicity, emotional intensity, and strong social commentary, and he quickly gained a reputation as one of the most important voices in Bengali literature.

Personal Life:
Sarat Chandra married twice in his lifetime. His first marriage was to Jnanadanandini Devi, with whom he had three children. However, the marriage was unhappy, and the couple eventually separated. Sarat Chandra later married Sudhanshukumari Devi, with whom he had two children.

Sarat Chandra Chattopadhyay died on 16 January 1938, at the age of 61, due to complications from pneumonia. He is remembered as one of the greatest writers in Bengali literature and continues to be widely read and admired to this day. 0 0 0.


“Sarat Chandra Chattopadhyay: A Biographical Study” by Nirmal Chakraborty
“Sarat Chandra Rachanabali” edited by Srikanta Ghosh
“The Life and Works of Sarat Chandra Chattopadhyay” by Amalendu Biswas
“Encyclopedia of Indian Literature” edited by Amar Nath Prasad
Note: This information is based on secondary sources, and some details may not be entirely accurate. I suggest cross-checking the information with additional reliable sources. ***

N.B. This article originally belongs to the book entitled ‘Brief Biographies of Prominent Bengali Writers‘ by Menonim Menonimus.

Books of Biography by M. Menonimus:

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  2. Introduction to World Writers
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  5. Brief Biographies of Prominent Bengali Writers
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  13. Analytical Studies of Some Arabic Short Stories
  14. A Brief History of Arabic Literature: Pre-Islamic Period (500 AD-622 AD)
  15. A Brief History of Arabic Literature: Early Islamic Period (622 AD-661 AD)
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  19. Reviews of Some Iconic Travelogues

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