Victor Hugo | Brief Biography

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Victor Hugo | Brief Biography

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Victor Hugo  Brief Biography

Victor Hugo | Brief Biography

Victor Hugo was a French poet, playwright, novelist, and essayist who is widely considered one of the greatest writers of French literature. He was born on February 26, 1802, in Besançon, France, and died on May 22, 1885, in Paris, France.

Hugo’s father was an officer in the Napoleonic army and his mother was a devout Catholic. He showed an early aptitude for writing and was encouraged by his mother. At the age of 16, he published his first volume of poetry, which was well-received by the public. This success encouraged him to continue writing and he went on to publish several more collections of poetry, including “Odes et Ballades” (1826) and “Les Feuilles d’Automne” (1831).

In addition to his work as a poet, Hugo was also a prolific playwright and novelist. He wrote several plays, including “Cromwell” (1827) and “Hernani” (1830), which were well-received by audiences and helped establish him as a prominent figure in the world of French theater. He also wrote several novels, including “Notre Dame de Paris” (1831), which is also known as “The Hunchback of Notre-Dame”, and “Les Misérables” (1862). These works are considered some of the greatest examples of French literature and have been translated into numerous languages and adapted for stage and screen many times.

Hugo was also a political activist and used his writing to comment on social and political issues of his time. He was a passionate supporter of the liberal cause and advocated for the rights of the poor and oppressed. During the June Rebellion of 1848, he was a vocal supporter of the rebels and was elected to the National Assembly as a representative of Paris.

Despite his success as a writer and his involvement in politics, Hugo’s life was not without its challenges. He was forced into exile for several years after the fall of the French Second Republic in 1851, and he spent much of his time in Guernsey, an island in the English Channel. During his exile, he continued to write and produced some of his most famous works, including “Les Contemplations” (1856) and “Les Châtiments” (1853).

Victor Hugo returned to France in 1870, after the fall of the French Second Empire and the establishment of the Third Republic. He was welcomed back with open arms and was appointed to the French Senate by President Adolphe Thiers. He continued to write and be politically active until his death in 1885. 0 0 0.

Sources:

“Victor Hugo.” Encyclopædia Britannica, Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc., https://www.britannica.com/biography/Victor-Hugo.
“Victor Hugo.” Biography.com, A&E Networks Television, 11 Apr. 2014, https://www.biography.com/writer/victor-hugo.
“Victor Hugo.” The Literature Network, Jalic Inc, http://www.online-literature.com/victor_hugo/.
“Victor Hugo.” Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Victor_Hugo. ***

N.B. The article originally belongs to the book entitled ‘Biographies of Writers Around the World‘ by Menonim Menonimus.

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