Swami Vivekanand | Kali the Mother | A Critical Analysis


Swami Vivekanand | Kali the Mother | A Critical Analysis


Swami Vivekanand's Poem 'Kali the Mother- A Critical Analysis

Swami Vivekanand | Kali the Mother | A Critical Analysis

Swami Vivekanand | Kali the Mother | A Critical Analysis

‘Kali the Mother’ is a horror poem by Swami Vivekananda. In Indian mythology, she was one of the three wives of Shiva. Here, in this poem, the poet represents Kali as the goddess of death and destruction.

The poet says that Kali the mother is omnipotent and has the strength of destroying all evils. She is so powerful that she easily can blot out all the stars. Being afraid of her valour, the cloud heaps upon the cloud. She is so swift that when she walks or runs the air becomes a whirlwind. A million souls of lunatics asylum come out and become free. She can wrench any tree by the root. The sea swirls up the waves. While she runs a flash of light emits from her body. She is so destructive that everything over which or through which she goes gets perished into dust. The poet evokes her to come to the earth to destroy all evils. Her name is terrible her breath can cause death to every being. In the language of the poet:

”For terror is thy name;

Death is in Thy breath,

And every shaking step

Destroys a world forever,

,Thou ‘Time’ the all Destroyer!

Come, o mother come!”

The poet, by representing Kali as the mother of death, wishes to make the world free from evil. In Indian mythologies, it is often said that while the world becomes full of sin, disorders, impedance, and evils then God himself takes birth in human society as a human being or he sends any god or goddess to perish all evils and thus restore peace and order in society. The ‘Kali the Mother’ is based on this philosophy.

The poet has used the imageries of horror and destruction very compactly which need an exhaustive explanation for a fuller understanding. In this poem the poet has used some alliterative words and phrases as: ‘the clouds are covering clouds’; whirling wind’; ‘lurid light’; ‘dance in destruction’s dance’ etc.

To sum up, it is to say that this is a philosophical poem through which the philosophy of Hindu scriptures is reflected well. 0 0 0

Read More:  The Poetry of Swami Vivekananda-Chief Features

N. B. This article entitled ‘Swami Vivekanand’s Poem ‘Kali the Mother- A Critical Analysis’ originally belongs to the book ‘Indian English Poetry Criticism‘ by Menonim Menonimus. 

Books of Literary Criticism by M. Menonimus:

  1. World Short Story Criticism
  2. World Poetry Criticism
  3. World Drama Criticism
  4. World Novel Criticism
  5. World Essay Criticism
  6. Indian English Poetry Criticism
  7. Indian English Poets and Poetry Chief Features
  8. Emily Dickinson’s Poetry-A Thematic Study
  9. Walt Whitman’s Poetry-A Thematic Study
  10. Critical Essays on English Poetry
  11. Tawfiq al-Hakim’s Novel: Return of the Spirit-An Analytical Study
  12. Tawfiq al-Hakim’s Novel: ‘Yawmiyyat Naib Fil Arayaf’-An Analytical Study
  13. Analytical Studies of Some Arabic Short Stories
  14. A Brief History of Arabic Literature: Pre-Islamic Period

Books of Composition by M. Menonimus:

  1. Advertisement Writing
  2. Amplification Writing
  3. Note Making
  4. Paragraph Writing
  5. Notice Writing
  6. Passage Comprehension
  7. The Art of Poster Writing
  8. The Art of Letter Writing
  9. Report Writing
  10. Story Writing
  11. Substance Writing
  12. School Essays Part-I
  13. School Essays Part-II
  14. School English Grammar Part-I
  15. School English Grammar Part-II..

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