Ramesh Chunder Dutt’s Poem ‘Sita Lost’ – A Critical Analysis


Ramesh Chunder Dutt’s Poem ‘Sita Lost’ – A Critical Analysis


Ramesh Chunder Dutt's Poem 'Sita Lost' - A Critical Analysis

Ramesh Chunder Dutt’s Poem ‘Sita Lost’

Ramesh Chunder Dutt’s Poem ‘Sita Lost’ – A Critical Analysis

Ramesh Chunder Dutt’s poem entitled ‘Sita Lost’ is a mythological poem the matter of which is taken from the well-known Indian epic Ramayana by Valmiki. The background of this poem is long but it is to say in brief that Ram married Sita, the saintly daughter of Janak. Ram being the eldest son of Dasharatha the king of Ayodhya, was to be the king of Ayodhya after his father. But due to an evil design done by his stepmother Kaikaee, Ram was sent to exile. Sita, his wife, and Laxman, Ram’s younger brother followed Ram into exile. From exile, Sita was carried off by Ravana, the monster king of Lanka. Later on, Sita was rescued and taken back by Ram. But the people of Ayodhya could not receive Sita easily. They pleaded that as Sita was carried off by Ravana and so she might lose her chastity and virtues. Though Ram knew well that Ravana did not harm her and Sita remained chaste, yet to please his subjects Ram sent Sita again to exile. The remaining incident that happened to Sita in her exile is narrated here in this poem by Ramesh Chunder Dutt in a plain and lucid style.

Through this poem, the poet shows Sita’s devotion to her husband and Ram’s love for his subjects as well as his honor to public opinion.

At the very beginning of the poem, the poet says that the banished Sita became sorrow-stricken as she lost everything – her husband, children, and all sorts of royal comforts. When it was about the morning she went to the monastery of Valmiki in the forest. Valmiki, the sage sympathized with her. Ram also went to the forest to banish Sita. There,  Ram, bowing down his head to the feet of the sage expressed his grief to Valmiki.  Then Valmiki had been composing the Ramayana. So, Ram said to Valmiki that what he had been writing the world would read in praise of him. He also said to Valmiki that to prove Sita – whether she had been chaste or not – he threw Sita to a burning fire. The fire did not burn her. But his subjects were not satisfied. Yet they doubted her chastity and then to please his subjects, Rama had taken Sita to the forest to banish her. Leaving Sita alone in the forest, Rama returned home. But before going back home, Ram prayed to god that Sita might prove her virtue and again she would be his loving bride. In the forest, Sita gave birth to two children. Sita endured all sorrows with patience, but she had lost her spirit and hope to live long. So, he prayed the mother earth to receive her in her bosom to get relief from her worldly anguish. Then the earth was rent and parted and a golden throne arose held aloft by jeweled Nagas and the earth embraced her forever.

This is the main event of the poem. The plight that happened to Sita is very pathetic but full of ideals as Sita proves her chastity and her love to her husband and Ram shows his love for his subjects and honor to the public opinion.

In the poem there is a supernatural element as while Sita prayed the mother earth to receive her then the earth was rent parted and embraced her. 

Like other poems of Ramesh Chunder Dutt, this poem ‘Sita Lost’ is also simple and easy in language and style. 0 0 0 

Ramesh Chunder Dutt’s Poem ‘Sita Lost’ – A Critical Analysis

Read More: The Poetry of Ramesh Chunder Dutt-Chief Features

N. B. This article entitled ‘Ramesh Chunder Dutt’s Poem ‘Sita Lost’ – A Critical Analysis’ originally belongs to the book ‘Indian English Poetry Criticism‘ by Menonim Menonimus. 

Books of Literary Criticism by M. Menonimus:

  1. World Short Story Criticism
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  3. World Drama Criticism
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  6. Indian English Poetry Criticism
  7. Indian English Poets and Poetry Chief Features
  8. Emily Dickinson’s Poetry-A Thematic Study
  9. Walt Whitman’s Poetry-A Thematic Study
  10. Critical Essays on English Poetry
  11. Tawfiq al-Hakim’s Novel: Return of the Spirit-An Analytical Study
  12. Tawfiq al-Hakim’s Novel: ‘Yawmiyyat Naib Fil Arayaf’-An Analytical Study
  13. Analytical Studies of Some Arabic Short Stories
  14. A Brief History of Arabic Literature: Pre-Islamic Period

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