M N Roy | Brief Biography


M N Roy | Brief Biography

M N Roy  Brief Biography

M N Roy | Brief Biography

M N Roy, born as Narendra Nath Bhattacharya in 1887, was a Bengali philosopher, politician, social activist, and author. He was a prominent figure in the Indian independence movement and was instrumental in founding the Communist Party of India.

Roy was born in a Brahmin family in Arbelia, a village in present-day West Bengal. He was educated in Calcutta, where he was exposed to the ideas of radical humanism and socialism. In 1909, he was arrested for his involvement in revolutionary activities and was sentenced to life in prison. He escaped from prison in 1915 and fled to Japan, where he became involved with the anarchist movement.

In 1918, Roy moved to Moscow and was involved in the Comintern (Communist International). He was instrumental in establishing the Communist Party of India and was one of its founding members. In 1927, he was expelled from the Comintern for his criticisms of Soviet policies and returned to India.

In India, M N Roy continued his political activism and was arrested several times for his involvement in revolutionary activities. He was also a prolific writer and author, and his works included “India in Transition,” “Revolution and Counter-Revolution in China,” and “The Historical Role of Islam.” He was also a co-founder of the Radical Democratic Party and was active in promoting secularism and democracy in India.

In 1940, M N Roy was arrested and charged with treason for his involvement in a conspiracy to overthrow the British government. He was acquitted in 1941 but was arrested again in 1942 for his involvement in the Quit India movement. He was imprisoned until 1945, and upon his release, he continued to be active in politics and wrote extensively on the need for social and political reform in India.

M N Roy died in 1954 at the age of 67. He remains an important figure in Indian political and cultural history, and his contributions to the Indian independence movement and the development of communism in India are widely recognized. 0 0 0.


Mukherjee, S. (2002). M N Roy: A Political Biography. New Delhi: Manohar.
Roy, M.N. (1922). India in Transition. Calcutta: Navaratna Press.
Ghosh, S. (2005). M.N. Roy and the Communist Movement in India. New Delhi: Manohar.
Basu, A. (2010). M.N. Roy: His Life and Ideas. New Delhi: Oxford University Press. ***

M N Roy Brief Biography

N.B. This article originally belongs to the book entitled ‘Brief Biographies of Prominent Bengali Writers‘ by Menonim Menonimus.

Books of Biography by M. Menonimus:

  1. The World Writers-Brief Biographies
  2. Introduction to World Writers
  3. Introduction to World Personalities
  4. Love of Reputed Persons
  5. Brief Biographies of Prominent Bengali Writers
  6. Brief Biographies of Eminent Monarchs
  7. Brief Biographies of Ancient Thinkers and Writers ..

Books of Literary Criticism by M. Menonimus:

  1. World Short Story Criticism
  2. World Poetry Criticism
  3. World Drama Criticism
  4. World Novel Criticism
  5. World Essay Criticism
  6. Indian English Poetry Criticism
  7. Indian English Poets and Poetry Chief Features
  8. Emily Dickinson’s Poetry-A Thematic Study
  9. Walt Whitman’s Poetry-A Thematic Study
  10. Critical Essays on English Poetry
  11. Tawfiq al-Hakim’s Novel: Return of the Spirit-An Analytical Study
  12. Tawfiq al-Hakim’s Novel: ‘Yawmiyyat Naib Fil Arayaf’-An Analytical Study
  13. Analytical Studies of Some Arabic Short Stories
  14. A Brief History of Arabic Literature: Pre-Islamic Period (500 AD-622 AD)
  15. A Brief History of Arabic Literature: Early Islamic Period (622 AD-661 AD)
  16. Reviews on William Shakespeare’s Works
  17. Reviews of Charles Dickens’ Works
  18. Reviews of John Milton’s Literary Works
  19. Reviews of Some Iconic Travelogues

Additional Searches:

  1. Famous Writers From West Bengal
  2. Top 10 Best Bengali Writers
  3. List of Bengali Language Authors
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I am Menonim Menonimus, a Philosopher & Writer.


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