Pre-Raphaelite Movement

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Pre-Raphaelite Movement

Pre-Raphaelite Movement

Pre-Raphaelite Movement

The term ‘Pre-Raphaelite Movement’ refers to a movement in art and literature especially in painting and poetry in England during the reign of Queen Victoria (1837-1901). The movement arose as an idealistic reaction against the didacticism, moral fervor; social sordidness and materialism of Victorian society. The main exponents were Dante Gabriel Rossetti, John Everest Millais and William Holman Hunt. They formed a group called Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood. It is called so because they derived their inspiration and ideals from the fourteenth and fifteenth-century Italian painters, especially from Giotto and Bellini who were prior to Raphael. The members of the Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood advocated freedom of thought, glorification of beauty, mystic note, individuality, symbolic significance, and gaudiness of style in art and literature in contrast to the existing Victorian ideals. In other words, to say, they advocated art for art’s sake. They had no morality to preach, no reform to introduce through the medium of art and literature. To create beauty as a source of joy was the hidden motto of their art. In this respect, in disguise the Pre- Raphaelite revived the romanticism of Keats. Some of the members of the Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood were painters cum poets. Dante Gabriel Rossetti was the leading figure of this Brotherhood. His poem entitled The Blessed Damozel is a representative poem of this movement. In this poem, he has portrayed the freedom of thought, glorification of beauty, sensuous appeal, medieval mysticism, the richness of imagination and simplicity, melody, and cleanliness of style. 0 0 0.

 

N. B. The article originally belongs to the book entitled ‘ The Laws of Literature by Menonim Menonimus

Books on Literary Criticism by M. Menonimus:

  1. World Short Story Criticism
  2. World Poetry Criticism
  3. World Drama Criticism
  4. World Novel Criticism
  5. World Essay Criticism
  6. Indian English Poetry Criticism
  7. Indian English Poets and Poetry Chief Features
  8. Emily Dickinson’s Poetry-A Thematic Study
  9. Walt Whitman’s Poetry-A Thematic Study
  10. Critical Essays on English Poetry
  11. Tawfiq al-Hakim’s Novel: Return of the Spirit-An Analytical Study
  12. Tawfiq al-Hakim’s Novel: ‘Yawmiyyat Naib Fil Arayaf’-An Analytical Study
  13. Analytical Studies of Some Arabic Short Stories
  14. A Brief History of Arabic Literature: Pre-Islamic Period (500 AD-622 AD)
  15. A Brief History of Arabic Literature: Early Islamic Period (622 AD-661 AD) …

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I am Menonim Menonimus, a Philosopher & Writer.

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