Banaphool | The Girl | An Analytical Study


Banaphool | The Girl | An Analytical Study


Banaphool | The Girl | An Analytical Study

Banaphool | The Girl | An Analytical Study

Banaphool | The Girl | An Analytical Study

The Girl’ is a Bengali short story written by Banaphool. Love is the main theme of the story. The author, in this short story, has shown that our wills are ours but their ends are not our own. 

The story is about a girl whom the author met accidentally. One day the author, when got down from the tram car, happened to see a girl who was leaning against a post beside the road. Seeing the author, the girl greeted him with a smile. But the author could not recognize her and thought that she might be one of his students. She was attractively beautiful. The author walked on. After walking ahead for some time, the author looked back and saw that the girl was following him. The author halted and the girl coming near the author asked him whether he lived in the alley. The author replied in the positive. The girl wished to go to the author’s flat. The author though a little embarrassed, allowed her to come to his flat. She followed the author to his flat. Going there the girl sat on a chair. Already the author changed his dress and found that the girl was observing the belongings of the room and praised his sense of aesthetics.  Then the girl said to the author that one day his father sent him a letter and a photocopy of the girl proposing her marriage to the author. The author, being some embarrassed, said that he was then in a hurry to leave home for England for which he could not mind that letter. Then the girl requested the author that he should burn up the photo. The author wished her to eat something and went to bring some biscuits for her. But after returning with biscuits, he found that the girl had left already. He looked outside but she could not be seen. After some days the author found the letter and a copy of her photo among the olden papers. The envelope was not opened till then. He observed the photo but the girl in the photo could not attract the author. The author thought that the girl might come one day to take back her photo. Hence he bound up the photo in a frame and kept it hanging on the wall. After some days the author returning from college found the frame of the photo in a broken state and the photo was not there.  Then he wrote a letter to the father of that girl expressing his choice of the girl and requested him to visit his house. But after some days the author received a letter from the girl’s father which read as-

“Thank you for your letter. I inform you with sorrow that the girl had died in a bus accident. She was devoted to you. If she got you as her husband her life would have been thankful. But God did not wish so. All are the frolic of luck.”

There are two principal characters in the story. The first is the author himself. And the second is the girl. The girl bears some individual traits which may be called to be peculiar to her only. She loved the author very deeply, but the author did neither know her nor did respond to her. But later on, when the author became interested in her she was dead already. 

In narrating the story the author has employed the Subjective Method. In this method, the author becomes a character of his story and writes his story in the first person. 

The story, in Structure, may be called a good one though the proper stages of its structure are not apparently visible. The climax of the story reaches when the girl revealed that her father wrote a letter to him proposing her marriage to him. 

The Setting of the story is consistent with the events and situation. 

The Dialogues employed in the story is very logical as he uses them sparingly but all the dialogues have taken his story ahead and unfolded the inner nature and motives of his characters.

The Philosophy of Life is also found in the story. The author has expressed through the story that human life on earth depends on the frolics of God.

The Language of the story is very simple as it is characterized by the use of concrete and formal (not unfamiliar) words and phrases and it is free from poetic imagery and much emotional expression.

All the Qualities of a good short story as —unity of purpose, brevity, spontaneity and universality are present in this short story. The brevity which is taken of as the soul of a short story is also maintained throughout the story as all the component elements of a good short story are employed in the story with possible economy without causing any harm to the perfectness of the story.

The story is ideal in length, neither very short nor long. 0 0 0.

Banaphool | The Girl | An Analytical Study

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N. B. This article entitled ‘Banaphool | The Girl | An Analytical Study’ originally belongs to the book ‘World Short Story Criticism‘ by Menonim Menonimus. Banaphool | The Girl | An Analytical Study

Books of Literary Criticism by M. Menonimus:

  1. World Short Story Criticism
  2. World Poetry Criticism
  3. World Drama Criticism
  4. World Novel Criticism
  5. World Essay Criticism
  6. Indian English Poetry Criticism
  7. Indian English Poets and Poetry Chief Features
  8. Emily Dickinson’s Poetry-A Thematic Study
  9. Walt Whitman’s Poetry-A Thematic Study
  10. Critical Essays on English Poetry
  11. Tawfiq al-Hakim’s Novel: Return of the Spirit-An Analytical Study
  12. Tawfiq al-Hakim’s Novel: ‘Yawmiyyat Naib Fil Arayaf’-An Analytical Study
  13. Analytical Studies of Some Arabic Short Stories
  14. A Brief History of Arabic Literature: Pre-Islamic Period
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I am Menonim Menonimus, a Philosopher & Writer.


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