Qutub-ud-din Aibak | Brief Biography


Qutub-ud-din Aibak | Brief Biography

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Qutub-ud-din Aibak

Qutub-ud-din Aibak | Brief Biography

Qutub-ud-din Aibak was a prominent ruler and general of the Slave Dynasty in India, who is credited with laying the foundation of the Delhi Sultanate. He was born in Turkistan in the year 1150 CE and was sold as a slave to a nobleman of Ghazni, who later sold him to Mohammad Ghori, the Sultan of Ghur.

Qutub-ud-din Aibak rose through the ranks of the Ghurid army and played a crucial role in several military campaigns, including the Battle of Tarain in 1192 CE, where he led the charge against the Rajput king Prithviraj Chauhan and emerged victorious. Following the battle, Aibak was appointed as the governor of Delhi and gradually consolidated his power by subjugating neighboring kingdoms and establishing his authority over large parts of northern India.

Qutub-ud-din Aibak is also known for his architectural achievements, particularly the construction of the Qutub Minar, which is one of the most iconic landmarks of Delhi. The tower was built in several stages, with Aibak starting the construction in 1192 CE and subsequent rulers adding additional floors to it over the next two centuries.

Despite his many accomplishments, Aibak’s reign was not without its challenges. He faced numerous rebellions and uprisings, particularly from the Rajputs and other regional kingdoms who resented his rule. He also struggled to maintain control over his own court, where rival factions often vied for power and influence.

Qutub-ud-din Aibak died in 1210 CE, reportedly from injuries sustained during a game of polo. He was succeeded by his son, Aram Shah, who proved to be an ineffective ruler and was eventually overthrown by the nobles of the court. 0 0 0.


The primary sources for Aibak’s life and reign include the Tarikh-i-Firoz Shahi, a historical chronicle written by the Sultan Firoz Shah Tughlaq in the 14th century, and the Chachnama, a Persian text that chronicles the early history of Sindh and parts of northern India. Other contemporary sources include the works of Muslim historians such as Minhaj-i-Siraj and Hasan Nizami, as well as inscriptions on various monuments and structures from the period. ***

N.B. This article originally belongs to the book entitled ‘Brief Biographies of Eminent Generals and Conquerors’ by Menonim Menonimus.

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  6. Brief Biographies of Eminent Monarchs
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  8. Brief Biographies of Eminent Generals and Conquerors ..

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  13. Analytical Studies of Some Arabic Short Stories
  14. A Brief History of Arabic Literature: Pre-Islamic Period (500 AD-622 AD)
  15. A Brief History of Arabic Literature: Early Islamic Period (622 AD-661 AD)
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