Louis XVIII | Brief Biography

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Louis XVIII | Brief Biography

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Louis XVIII  Brief Biography

Louis XVIII

Louis XVIII, born Louis-Stanislas-Xavier on November 17, 1755, in Versailles, France, was the King of France and Navarre from 1814 to 1824. He was the younger brother of King Louis XVI and became king after the fall of Napoleon Bonaparte.

Early Life

Louis-Stanislas was the third son of King Louis XV and Queen Maria Leszczynska. He was educated at the Jesuit College in Louis-le-Grand and at the age of nine, he was made the Duke of Angoulême. Throughout his youth, he was known for his intellect and wit.

French Revolution

During the French Revolution, Louis-Stanislas was imprisoned for several years. He escaped from prison in 1796 and lived in exile in various European countries, including Prussia, Poland, and Russia. In 1801, he returned to France and lived in the city of Hartwell in England under the protection of King George III.

Restoration of the Monarchy

In 1814, Napoleon was defeated at the Battle of Leipzig and Louis XVIII was restored to the French throne. Upon his return to France, Louis XVIII faced several challenges, including the reinstitution of the Bourbon monarchy, the restoration of the Church and the nobility, and the creation of a new constitution.

Reign

Louis XVIII’s reign was marked by several significant events. In 1815, he signed the Second Peace of Paris, which ended the war with England and returned French territories to France. He also established a new constitution, which granted greater political rights to the people of France and limited the power of the monarch.

In 1819, Louis XVIII signed the Treaty of Aix-la-Chapelle, which ended the occupation of France by foreign powers and ensured the country’s independence. He also worked to improve the economy of France by implementing several economic reforms, such as the creation of a new system of weights and measures, the establishment of the Bank of France, and the establishment of a new tariff system.

Death and Legacy

Louis XVIII died on September 16, 1824, in Paris, France. He was succeeded by his brother, Charles X. Louis XVIII is remembered as a king who helped to restore the Bourbon monarchy in France and worked to improve the country’s economy. 0 0 0.

N.B. The article originally belongs to the book ‘Brief Biographies of Eminent Monarchs‘ by Menonim Menonimus.

Books of Biography by M. Menonimus:

  1. The World Writers-Brief Biographies
  2. Introduction to World Writers
  3. Introduction to World Personalities
  4. Love of Reputed Persons
  5. Brief Biographies of Ancient Thinkers and Writers..

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I am Menonim Menonimus, a Philosopher & Writer.

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