Tamerlane | Timur | Brief Biography


Tamerlane | Timur | Brief Biography

Tamerlane Timur Brief Biography

Tamerlane | Timur | Brief Biography

Tamerlane, also known as Timur, was a Turco-Mongol conqueror who established the Timurid Empire in Persia and Central Asia. He was born on April 8, 1336, in Kesh, a small town in Transoxiana (present-day Uzbekistan).

Tamerlane’s early life was marked by poverty and hardship. He was orphaned at a young age and had to work as a shepherd and later as a petty thief. However, he was also known for his intelligence and leadership skills, which he honed by leading a gang of robbers.

Tamerlane or Timur began his military career as a mercenary and quickly rose through the ranks, thanks to his bravery and strategic acumen. In 1370, he captured the city of Samarkand and made it his capital, from where he launched a series of conquests that would eventually establish the Timurid Empire.

Over the next few decades, Tamerlane waged wars across Persia, Central Asia, and India, defeating numerous armies and empires, including the Ilkhanate, the Golden Horde, and the Delhi Sultanate. His military campaigns were marked by brutality and massacres, as he sought to establish his dominance and instill fear in his enemies.

Despite his reputation as a ruthless conqueror, Tamerlane was also known for his patronage of the arts and culture. He built magnificent structures in his capital of Samarkand, including the Registan, a complex of three madrasas (Islamic schools) that is considered one of the most beautiful examples of Islamic architecture.

Tamerlane died on February 18, 1405, during his campaign against the Ming Dynasty of China. He was buried in a tomb in Samarkand that remains a popular tourist attraction to this day. 0 0 0.


Manz, Beatrice Forbes. “Timur Lang.” Encyclopædia Iranica, vol. 7, no. 3, 1996, pp. 326-331.
Soucek, Svatopluk. “Timur.” Encyclopædia Britannica, 4 Oct. 2018, www.britannica.com/biography/Timur.
Tamerlane: Sword of Islam, Conqueror of the World by Justin Marozzi (2004)
The Cambridge History of Iran, Volume 6: The Timurid and Safavid Periods edited by Peter Jackson and Laurence Lockhart (1986). ***

N.B. This article originally belongs to the book entitled ‘Brief Biographies of Eminent Generals and Conquerors’ by Menonim Menonimus.

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