William II | Brief Biography


William II | Brief Biography

William II Brief Biography

William II

William II, also known as William Rufus, was King of England from 1087 to 1100. He was the third son of William the Conqueror and was never expected to become king, but after his elder brothers died without leaving any legitimate children, he inherited the crown.

William II’s reign was marked by political strife, conflict with the church, and struggles with the Norman barons. Despite these challenges, he was able to maintain his position as king for over a decade, leaving a lasting impact on English history.

William was born in Normandy in 1056 and was educated by his mother, Matilda of Flanders. He accompanied his father on the Norman Conquest of England in 1066 and played a key role in the Battle of Hastings. After his father’s death in 1087, William became king of England and soon faced opposition from several Norman barons, who were unhappy with his rule.

One of William II‘s major conflicts was with the Church. He was accused of imposing harsh taxes on the Church and of interfering with its affairs. He was also criticized for appointing his own supporters to important church positions. In 1088, William was excommunicated by Pope Urban II, but he continued to rule despite the church’s opposition.

Another significant challenge during William’s reign was his conflict with the Norman barons. He faced a number of rebellions, including a major uprising in 1088 led by Odo, Bishop of Bayeux. William was able to suppress the rebellion and maintained his power, but the conflict with the barons continued throughout his reign.

Despite these challenges, William was able to make important contributions to the development of England during his reign. He supported the growth of towns and commerce and encouraged the growth of trade and commerce. He also commissioned the construction of several castles, including the Tower of London, which served as a symbol of his power and control over England.

William II died suddenly in 1100, while hunting in the New Forest. The exact circumstances of his death remain a mystery, but it has been suggested that he was killed by an arrow. 0 0 0.


“The Anglo-Saxon Chronicles”
“The History of William the Conqueror” by William of Malmesbury
“The Norman Conquest” by Marc Morris
“The Oxford Illustrated History of Medieval England” edited by Nigel Saul. ***

N.B. The article originally belongs to the book ‘Brief Biographies of Eminent Monarchs‘ by Menonim Menonimus.

Books of Biography by M. Menonimus:

  1. The World Writers-Brief Biographies
  2. Introduction to World Writers
  3. Introduction to World Personalities
  4. Love of Reputed Persons
  5. Brief Biographies of Ancient Thinkers and Writers..

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I am Menonim Menonimus, a Philosopher & Writer.


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