Al-Farabi | Brief Biography


Al-Farabi | Brief Biography


Al-Farabi | Brief Biography

Abu Nasr Muhammad al-Farabi, commonly known as al-Farabi, was a medieval philosopher and polymath of the Islamic Golden Age, born in the city of Farab in present-day Kazakhstan in 870 AD. He is considered one of the greatest Muslim philosophers and scholars of the Islamic world and is referred to as the “Second Master” after Aristotle.

Education and Early Career
Al-Farabi received a comprehensive education in Islamic law, grammar, logic, philosophy, mathematics, and music. He was well-versed in the Greek language and became proficient in the works of Aristotle, Plato, and the Hellenistic philosophers. He also learned about Indian and Persian philosophy and science.

Philosophical Contributions
Al-Farabi’s philosophy blended Aristotelianism and Neoplatonism with Islamic beliefs. He believed in the concept of a transcendent God, who created the world and all its creatures. He also believed that the universe was created from pure matter and that it was structured according to a hierarchy of substances, with minerals at the bottom, followed by plants, animals, and finally, human beings.

Al-Farabi wrote extensively on metaphysics, ethics, and political philosophy. He believed that the goal of human life was to achieve happiness and to attain union with the divine. He considered philosophy as a way of attaining this goal, and believed that the study of metaphysics was essential for understanding the nature of God and the universe.

Political Philosophy
Al-Farabi’s political philosophy was influenced by his belief in the importance of the philosopher-king. He believed that the ideal state was one in which the ruler was a philosopher who governed according to reason and justice. He argued that this was necessary in order to achieve the common good and that the ruler’s knowledge and wisdom would benefit the people. He also believed in the importance of education and the role of the state in promoting it.

Musical Contributions
Al-Farabi was also an accomplished musician and wrote several treatises on the subject. He believed that music was a way of attaining spiritual and moral excellence and that it could help people to attain happiness and inner peace. He believed that music could have a positive influence on the soul and that it could be used to improve one’s character and morality.

Later Life and Legacy
Al-Farabi lived a long and productive life, dying in 950 AD at the age of 80. He was a highly influential figure in the Islamic world and his works were widely read and discussed for centuries after his death. He was also highly respected by the philosopher-kings of his time and his works were highly regarded by the courts of the Islamic empire.

Al-Farabi’s legacy can still be seen today, as his works continue to be studied and discussed by philosophers, historians, and scholars. He is considered one of the great thinkers of the Islamic Golden Age and is regarded as one of the most important figures in the development of Islamic philosophy and science.

In conclusion, Al-Farabi was a remarkable philosopher and polymath who made significant contributions to several fields of knowledge, including philosophy, politics, music, and mathematics. His legacy continues to inspire and influence scholars and thinkers to this day, and he remains one of the great thinkers of the Islamic world. 0 0 0.

N. B. This article originally belongs to the book, ‘Brief Biographies of Ancient Thinkers and Writers‘ by Menonim Menonimus.

Books of Biography by M. Menonimus:

  1. The World Writers-Brief Biographies
  2. Introduction to World Writers
  3. Introduction to World Personalities
  4. Love of Reputed Persons ..

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I am Menonim Menonimus, a Philosopher & Writer.


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