The Kojiki | Record of Ancient Matters | A Review


The Kojiki | Record of Ancient Matters | A Review

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The Kojiki: Record of Ancient Matters-A Review


‘The Kojiki: Record of Ancient Matters’ stands as a cornerstone of Japanese literature and cultural heritage, offering an invaluable window into Japan’s mythological origins, societal beliefs, and historical development. Assembled in the early 8th century, this historical text, also known as the Kojiki, holds a unique place in global literature and mythology due to its intricate narratives and its influence on Japanese identity. In this review, we will delve into the depths of this remarkable work, exploring its content, significance, and lasting impact.

Content and Structure:

The Kojiki is divided into three main sections: Kamitsumaki (Book of the Gods), Nakatsumaki (Book of the Centre), and Shimotsumaki (Book of the Latter). Each section serves a distinct purpose, contributing to the rich tapestry of Japan’s mythological history.
Kamitsumaki: This section introduces the Japanese creation myth, establishing the divine lineage of the country’s ruling family and the gods’ role in shaping the land and its inhabitants. Amaterasu, Susano-o, and Tsukuyomi take center stage, their interactions and conflicts painting a vivid picture of the cosmos’ birth.

Nakatsumaki: Here, the Kojiki elaborates on the genealogy of the imperial family, tracing its roots back to the gods themselves. The poetic style of writing in this section underscores the significance of lineage and legitimizes the imperial rule through divine ancestry.

Shimotsumaki: The final section continues with the genealogies, providing detailed accounts of various noble families. These narratives reveal the intricate socio-political dynamics of ancient Japan, showcasing the importance of alliances, rivalries, and marriages among the nobility.

Significance and Cultural Impact:

‘The Kojiki’ extends beyond mere mythology; it reflects the core beliefs and values that have shaped Japan’s cultural identity. It demonstrates the profound connection between the divine and human realms, the reverence for nature, and the establishment of societal hierarchies. Additionally, the Kojiki’s influence extends to various artistic forms, including literature, poetry, Noh theater, and contemporary media.

Religious Significance: The Kojiki played a pivotal role in shaping Shinto beliefs, offering a foundation for Japan’s indigenous religion. The kami (spirits/gods) presented in the text remain central to Shinto practices and rituals.

Historical Insights: As one of the earliest recorded accounts of Japan’s history, the Kojiki provides a glimpse into the nation’s formative years. Its genealogies and tales shed light on the interactions between different clans and families.

Literary Heritage: The Kojiki’s poetic style and narrative techniques have influenced generations of Japanese writers and poets. Its impact can be seen in classic works like ‘The Tale of Genji’ and continues to resonate in modern literature.

National Identity: The Kojiki contributes to Japan’s sense of self and identity, linking its people to a shared mythological heritage. It embodies the notion of “Yamato-damashii” – the spirit of Japan.


The Kojiki: Record of Ancient Matters’ stands as an essential piece of world literature that transcends time and culture. Its mythological tales, genealogical records, and cultural insights have shaped Japan’s identity, providing a lens through which we can view the nation’s rich heritage. This work continues to inspire scholars, artists, and enthusiasts alike, and its enduring significance cements its place as a treasure trove of wisdom and artistry from ancient Japan. 0 0 0.

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N.B. The article originally belongs to the book entitled ‘The Reviews of Epic Literature Around the World Vol-II‘ by Menonim Menonimus.

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I am Menonim Menonimus, a Philosopher & Writer.


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