Kumarasambhava | Kalidasa | A Review


Kumarasambhava | Kalidasa | A Review

Kumarasambhava  Kalidasa  A Review

Kumarasambhava Kalidasa A Review

Kumarasambhava by Kalidasa- A Review

‘Kumarasambhava’ is a magnificent epic poem composed by the illustrious Sanskrit poet Kalidasa, a master of classical Indian literature. Written around the 5th century CE, this epic is a celebration of divine love, cosmological creation, and the birth of Lord Kumara (also known as Kartikeya or Skanda), the son of Lord Shiva and Goddess Parvati. With its captivating verses, rich imagery, and profound themes, ‘Kumarasambhava’ remains a timeless masterpiece that continues to mesmerize readers across generations.

The poem is divided into 17 cantos, each with its distinct flavor and theme. The central narrative revolves around the love story of Lord Shiva and Goddess Parvati, leading to the birth of their divine child, Kumarasambhava. The poem commences with an invocation to Lord Ganesha, the remover of obstacles, a traditional practice in Sanskrit literature. It then delves into the cosmic events leading to the union of Shiva and Parvati.

Poetic Craftsmanship

Kalidasa’s poetic mastery is evident from the very first verse. His skillful use of rich metaphors, vivid imagery, and ornate language creates a symphony of words that resonates deeply with the reader’s senses. The verses flow like a melodious river, carrying with them the emotions of love, longing, and divine energy.


The portrayal of characters in ‘Kumarasambhava’ is a testament to Kalidasa’s understanding of human emotions and divine attributes. Lord Shiva’s ascetic nature is beautifully contrasted with Goddess Parvati’s ardent devotion and determination. Their love story transcends the earthly realm, reflecting the eternal dance of masculine and feminine energies.

Cosmological Imagery:

Kalidasa’s description of the cosmic events leading to Parvati’s birth and her eventual union with Shiva is captivating. The poet weaves together the elements of nature, gods, and celestial beings to create a vivid picture of the universe in flux. The marriage of mythology and cosmology adds depth to the narrative.

Lyrical Sensibility:

‘Kumarasambhava’ is replete with lyrical passages that resonate with emotional intensity. The verses describing Parvati’s penance, her yearning for Shiva, and their eventual union are suffused with a powerful sensibility that tugs at the heartstrings.

Spiritual Themes:

Beyond its romantic and mythological aspects, the poem delves into profound spiritual themes. It explores the interplay between the material and the spiritual, the transient and the eternal. The divine union of Shiva and Parvati represents the harmony of opposites and the realization of the ultimate truth.

Cultural Significance:

‘Kumarasambhava’ holds immense cultural importance as it reflects the spiritual and artistic values of ancient India. It serves as a window into the religious practices, cosmological beliefs, and societal norms of its time.

Language and Translation:

Reading ‘Kumarasambhava’ in its original Sanskrit form showcases the intricacies of Kalidasa’s language. However, for those unfamiliar with Sanskrit, translations are available that attempt to capture the essence of the original. A skilled translator can bring the beauty of the poem to life in other languages.


Kumarasambhava’ is a literary gem that seamlessly blends mythology, spirituality, and human emotions. Kalidasa’s exceptional poetic craftsmanship elevates this epic beyond a mere narrative; it becomes a profound exploration of the human soul’s connection with the divine. The themes of love, creation, and the eternal dance of life make this work a timeless masterpiece that continues to enchant and inspire readers, reminding us of the enduring power of art and literature. 0 0 0.

Kumarasambhava Kalidasa A Review

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N. B. The article ‘Kumarasambhava Kalidasa A Review’ originally belongs to the book The Reviews of Epic Literature Around the World Vol-Iby Menonim Menonimus.

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I am Menonim Menonimus, a Philosopher & Writer.


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