Manasamangal Kavya | Bipradas Pipilai | A Review


Manasamangal Kavya | Bipradas Pipilai | A Review

Manasamangal Kavya  Bipradas Pipilai  A Review

Manasamangal Kavya Bipradas Pipilai A Review

Manasamangal Kavya by Bipradas Pipilai- A Review


‘Manasamangal Kavya,’ commonly known as ‘Manasa Mangal,’ is a masterpiece of Bengali literature composed by Bipradas Pipilai. This epic narrative, written in the 15th century, is a remarkable blend of mythology, folklore, and devotion, showcasing the artistic prowess of its author. Revered as one of the earliest examples of medieval Bengali literature, ‘Manasa Mangal’ remains an influential and culturally significant work that captures the essence of Bengal’s socio-religious fabric.

Plot Summary:

The narrative of ‘Manasa Mangal’ revolves around the divine serpent goddess Manasa, who holds a prominent place in Bengali folk traditions. The story follows the life of Chand Sadagar, a wealthy merchant, and his wife Shashthi, who worship the serpent goddess. When Chand’s maritime ventures face troubles due to the wrath of Manasa, the couple’s devotion and worship play a pivotal role in appeasing the goddess and restoring their fortunes. The plot is adorned with various subplots, each revealing the multifaceted nature of human relationships, interactions, and their interaction with the divine.

Cultural Significance:

‘Manasamangal Kavya’ serves as a cultural repository, offering readers a glimpse into the lives, beliefs, and practices of medieval Bengal. The text provides a vivid portrayal of folk traditions, rituals, and superstitions that were prevalent during that period. The worship of Manasa, intertwined with the characters’ daily lives, highlights the cultural depth and spiritual underpinnings of Bengali society.

Literary Artistry:

Bipradas Pipilai’s craftsmanship shines through the intricate narrative structure and poetic style of ‘Manasamangal Kavya.’ The poet’s skill in blending mythology with everyday life creates a seamless transition between the divine and the mundane. The use of symbolism, metaphors, and allegorical elements enriches the narrative, making it an engaging literary experience.


The characters in ‘Manasa Mangal’ are finely etched and represent various facets of human nature. From the devout Chand and his steadfast wife Shashthi to the playful interactions of various mythological figures, each character contributes to the overarching thematic depth of the work. Their emotions, desires, and dilemmas are relatable, making them enduring figures in Bengali literature.

Devotion and Spirituality:

At its core, ‘Manasa Mangal’ is a testament to devotion and faith. The characters’ unwavering belief in the serpent goddess Manasa, coupled with their determination to overcome challenges, underscores the power of spirituality. The text not only celebrates devotion to a deity but also delves into the dynamics of human-divine interaction.

Socio-Religious Commentary:

Embedded within the narrative are subtle commentaries on social norms, hierarchies, and gender roles prevalent in medieval Bengal. The story presents instances of patriarchal attitudes, but it also portrays the strength and resilience of women like Shashthi. These observations add depth to the narrative and invite readers to reflect on historical societal constructs.


Manasamangal Kavya’ is a literary gem that continues to captivate readers with its narrative intricacies, cultural richness, and spiritual undertones. Bipradas Pipilai’s legacy lives on through this work that stands as a bridge between folklore and literature, mythology and reality. As a timeless exploration of devotion, human nature, and the divine, ‘Manasa Mangal’ remains an invaluable contribution to Bengali literature and a testament to the enduring power of storytelling. 0 0 0.

Manasamangal Kavya Bipradas Pipilai A Review

Read More: The Gita for Children by Roopa Pai-A Review

N. B. The article ‘Manasamangal Kavya Bipradas Pipilai A Review’ originally belongs to the book The Reviews of Epic Literature Around the World Vol-Iby Menonim Menonimus.

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I am Menonim Menonimus, a Philosopher & Writer.


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