Spelling Direction


Spelling Direction


Spelling Direction

Spelling Direction

English is one of the richest languages in the world. Its vocabulary is also enviously rich. It has so many words which almost pronounce the same with the other word though they differ in spelling and meaning. After much analytical study of English words, some rules have been laid down as spelling directions to new learners. Mind them  as given below:

(Spelling Direction)

1. Words of one syllable ending in-l with a single vowel before it have  -ll at the end, as:

still, fill, pill, mill, kill, well, tell, tall, pull, stall etc.

2. Words of one syllable ending in-l with a double vowel before it have only one -l at the end, as:

tail, weal, feel, pool, seal, appeal, stool, peel, steal, steel etc.

3. Words of one syllable ending in -l drop the final -l when they are used as suffixes, as:

joyful, painful, enrol, hopeful, fulfil etc.

Note: There are some exceptions as:

rainfall, downfall, farewell, unwell, getwell, freewill.

4. Words of one syllable ending in a consonant with a single vowel before it doubles the consonant before a suffix beginning with a vowel letter, as:

win ___ winner

lug ___ luggage

bag ___ baggage

drop ___ dropped

ship ___ shipping

sad ___ saddest

sun ___ sunny

beg ___ beggar

slam ___ slammed

hid ___ hidden

bag ___ baggage

Note: There are some exceptions, as- gases, buses.

5. If a word ending in a consonant and it is stressed to the last syllable then the last consonant becomes double when it is made past, past participle or -ing is added to it. as:

refer ___ referring

begin ___ beginning    

permit ___ permitted

control ___ controlling

occur ___ occurring

confer ___ conferring

compel ___ compelling

upset ___ upsetting.

6. The consonant ‘l is usually doubled even when the stress does not fall in the last syllable:

signal ___ signalling

jewel ___ jeweller

travel ___ traveller

7. The final -e is droped in some words (especially verb) when a suffix is added that begins with a vowel, as:

hope ___ hoping

come ___ coming

give ___ giving

leave ___ leaving

take ___ taking

move ___ movable

cure ___ curable.

8. The final -e is dropped in some words (especially verb) when a suffix is added that begins with a vowel, as:

hope ___ hoping

come ___ coming

give ___ giving

leave ___ leaving

take ___ taking

move ___ movable

cure ___ curable 

9. The final -e is retained before a suffix beginning with a consonant, as:

care ___ careful

incite ___ incitement

hope ___ hopeful

engage ___ engagement

10. words ending in -ge retain the -e before a suffix beginning with -a, -o, -e, as::

courage___ courageous

marriage ___ marrying

marriage ___ marriageable

11. If the -y is preceded by a vowel in some words, the final -y is retained before any suffix, as:

boy ___ boyhood/boyish

pay ___ payment/payable

pray ___ prayed/prayer

joy ___ joyful/joyous.

12. In forming plural or adding the  ending of the Third Person Singular of the Present Indefinite Tense, then:

(a) The -y preceded by a consonant changes to -i and adds -es:

dry ___ dries

story ___ stories

cry ___ cries

(b) The -y preceded by a vowel remains unchanged and adds -s:

key ___ keys

buy ___ buys

way ___ ways

12. The final -y of a word changes to -i before any ending except if it is preceded by a consonant, as:

glory ___ glorious

fury ___ furious

happy ___ happily

hurry ___ hurried

13. When the suffix -full is added to  a word the final -l is dropped, as:

thought ___ thoughtful

beauty ___ beautiful

bounty ___ bountiful

joy ___ joyful. 0 0 0

(Spelling Direction)


N.B.  The article ‘Spelling Direction’ originally belongs to the book ‘School English Grammar Part- II‘ by Menonim Menonimus.

Books of Composition by M. Menonimus:

  1. Advertisement Writing
  2. Amplification Writing
  3. Note Making
  4. Paragraph Writing
  5. Notice Writing
  6. Passage Comprehension
  7. The Art of Poster Writing
  8. The Art of Letter Writing
  9. Report Writing
  10. Story Writing
  11. Substance Writing
  12. School Essays Part-I
  13. School Essays Part-II
  14. School English Grammar Part-I
  15. School English Grammar Part-II..

Books on Linguistics by M. Menonimus:

  1. A Brief History of the English Language
  2. Essays on Linguistics
  3. My Imageries
  4. Felicitous Expression: Some Examples
  5. Learners’ English Dictionary

Related Search:

Previous articleUse of Prefix and Suffix
Next articleCollective Nouns
I am Menonim Menonimus, a Philosopher & Writer.


Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here