Note on Hybridism

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Note on Hybridism

Note on Hybridism

Note on Hybridism

Note on Hybridism

‘Hybridism’ means words made up of parts derived from two or more different languages. Hybridism, in the English language, dates back as early as the introduction of French words to English. The English language has enriched much of its vocabulary by means of hybridism. The main process of hybridism is the addition of native endings to French or Latin or Greek or other words and by adding French or Latin or Greek endings to native words.

By adding English endings (suffixes) to French and Latin or Greek words, such hybrids are made as: by adding ‘-ing’ as- serving, preaching etc.

By adding ‘ung’ as: scornung, riwlung etc.

By adding ‘ly’ to French words, we get such hybrids as: princely, kingly, courtly etc.

By adding ‘ness’ as: faintness, clearness, cleanliness etc.

By adding ‘full’, as: beautiful, powerful, dutiful etc.

By adding ‘-ess’, ‘-age’, ‘-ment’, we get such hybrids, as: shepherdess, mileage, endearment etc.

By adding such English ending, as ‘-ty’, ‘-ous’ to foreign words, English made such hybrids, as: humanity, womanity, thunderous, murderous etc.

By adding ‘-ance’ English makes such new words as: forbearance, endurance etc.

Besides these, English made many hybrids by adding many foreign endings to its native words, such as:

By adding ‘-ation’ as: admission, consideration etc.

By adding ‘-ative’ as- sedative, contributive etc.

By adding ‘-ism’, ‘-ist’, ‘-ic’ English makes such new words as: humanism, artist, mechanic etc.

In addition to them, many hybrids are made by adding many foreign prefixes to English words, such as:

By adding Greek prefix ‘-anti’ as: anti-congress, anti-king etc.

By adding the prefix ‘-pro’ as: pro–communist, pro-Russian etc.

And by adding the prefix ‘–ex’ we get such hybrids, as: ex-party, ex-head, ex-king etc.

Such many and many new words have been going to be formed by means of hybridism which, likewise, has increased the glossary of English words. 0 0 0

Read More: The History of -Ing’

N. B. This article entitled ‘Note on Hybridism’ originally belongs to the book ‘A Brief History of the English Language‘ by Menonim Menonimus.

Books on Linguistics by M. Menonimus:

  1. A Brief History of the English Language
  2. Essays on Linguistics
  3. My Imageries
  4. Felicitous Expression: Some Examples
  5. Learners’ English Dictionary

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Menonimus
I am Menonim Menonimus, a Philosopher & Writer.

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